Stock Investing: Fundamental Analysis Using Company’s Balance Sheet

What if you find out that the company you have invested in has filed for bankruptcy because of heavy debt the company had? How much debt and shareholder equity do companies like Johnson & Johnson, Proctor & Gamble, Coca-Cola, Texas Instruments have? Do you want to be a well-informed investor so that you can identify and invest in companies that can endure a severe but temporary downturn in its business, provide steady returns on assets, and are low on debt?